Whether it be size, design, location, the ultimate objective, and the people they plan to serve, hospitals come in a variety of shapes and sizes. As a result of these factors, the costs of constructing a hospital range from extremely low to extremely high.
If you are looking to construct a hospital, here is a breakdown of the cost to build hospital in Canada.
Hospital Construction Costs
How much does it cost to build hospital in Canada? The answer to this can vary depending on a multitude of factors, the most prominent one being how you choose to estimate your overall costs.
#1 Cost per Square Foot
The average cost per square foot to construct a hospital ranges from $200 to $625, depending on the facility’s location, size, and whether it is a general or specialized hospital. The cost per square foot of a hospital is determined by a number of factors.
#2 Cost per Bed
The typical cost of constructing a hospital bed ranges from $500,000 to $1,500,000, depending on the type of facility and the amount of square footage required per bed. The total number of beds may be determined by the number of patients the hospital anticipates treating each year.
Average Cost to Build Hospital by Type
The average cost of constructing a specific type of hospital is determined by a number of factors. The construction cost of a small, rural emergency hospital with limited services and bed capacity is lesser than a private smart hospital with more square footage per bed or room and premium equipment and furnishings.
1. Emergency Hospital Cost
Emergency hospitals, while larger than a micro-hospital, are still smaller than a full-scale hospital project and cost between $200 and $500 per square foot. Costs are mainly determined by the size and type of equipment required.
2. Micro Hospital
Depending on the features and exact specs of the building, a micro-hospital can cost anywhere from $280 to $400 per square foot. The cost of construction varies greatly based on the type of care provided and the number of beds.
This is a new medical concept that entails the construction of a smaller facility to relieve some of the patient load from larger hospitals, alleviate stress, and avoid the high expenditures of constructing a new full-scale hospital.
3. Smart Hospital
Modern businesses may choose to build a smart hospital, also known as a modular hospital, which costs $500 to $625 per square foot on average. While the initial cost is higher, prefabrication speeds up the construction process by up to 40%.
Average Labor Cost to Build Hospital
The average hourly labour cost to construct a hospital is between $30 and $500. Some people, however, charge by the square foot or by a percentage of the task. Labour accounts for up to 60% of the cost of constructing a hospital, with materials accounting for the remaining 40%.
The construction of a hospital requires a large number of workers. Each has a varied labour cost, which is determined by the job’s location and scope. In many aspects, the construction of a hospital is identical to that of any other building, thus you should expect similar labour pricing.
Parts of a Hospital
Hospitals are made up of various separate segments, or components, each of which performs a specific purpose in the overall operation of the institution. The presence of these parts and segments has an impact on the building’s design and architecture. This also heavily affects the overall cost to build a hospital in Canada.
1. Hospital Administration
The administrative spaces are often less expensive to construct, costing between $150 and $200 per square foot on average, with a total cost ranging from $450,000 to $600,000. In addition to patient treatment and care spaces, they require a section of offices and an administration area.
Hospitals provide hospitality services such as housekeeping, laundry, and food services, which all demand space in the structure. They are priced between $450,000 and $1,000,000.
3. Hospital Safety Standards
Depending on the size, system, and other considerations, hospital safety requirements might cost anywhere from $500,000 to $3,500,000.
4. Hospital Sanitation
There are a variety of professionals in this field, but plumbers make up the majority of the workforce and charge between $45 and $200 per hour. The plumbing for the structure is included in sanitation, with specialist looped plumbing being preferable.
5. Hospital Oxygen and Gas Supply System
A hospital’s average costs for oxygen and gas supply systems range from $200,000 to $1,500,000. Pumps providing oxygen, nitrogen, suction, and pressurized air are required in many inpatient rooms, as well as surgical rooms and the intensive care unit (ICU). Automatic switches, as well as the requisite power to activate them, must be supplied.
6. Hospital Radiology
Per the project, hospital radiology departments require lead lining, which accounts for around 5% of the entire cost, or $600,000 to $700,000 in total.
7. Hospital Electricity
Electrical work in hospitals typically costs $3 to $4 per square foot, or $900,000 to $1,200,000 for the entire project, including the cost of the lights and their monthly maintenance and running costs.
8. Hospital Ventilation and Airlocks
The costs of establishing hospital airlocks and ventilation systems are too complex to be narrowed down. Airlocks and ventilation may cost anywhere from $1,500,000 to $3,500,000.
Hospital Medical Units
The typical building cost of several medical units within a hospital ranges from $250 to $625 per square foot. These are the hospital’s many units and places where patients are treated and other services are provided. Every hospital does not have the same number or type of functional units, so the cost to build hospital in Canada based on medical units can vary.
1. Hospital Patient Room
The typical cost of constructing a patient room ranges from $250 to $450 per square foot, depending on the kind and size of the room as well as the facilities incorporated.
2. Hospital Emergency Room Cost
Construction costs for an emergency room typically vary from $280 to $400 per square foot. Many hospitals, particularly those that include trauma centers, have emergency rooms.
3. Diagnostic Units
Diagnostic and treatment rooms serve multiple purposes, which is why diagnostic units cost between $300 and $350 per square foot.
4. Medical-Surgical Unit
The most expensive parts of a hospital are the medical-surgical units, which start at $350 per square foot and can reach $625 per square foot in some specialized hospitals.
Hospital Architecture Design and Planning
Design and planning are an important part of any construction project. However, it also heavily affects the cost to build hospital in Canada. Depending on the number of architects and designers in your team, the size of your hospital, and hospital type, design and planning can be quite expensive.
The construction design and consulting fees for hospital construction are projected to be around 15% of the entire project cost or around $16,875,000 for a 300,000 square feet hospital.
When considering how much does it cost to build a hospital in Canada, it is important to factor in the architecture, design, and planning to ensure you get a comprehensive overall cost estimate. And to get in touch with Integrated Project Delivery group would be one of the thing you should consider before signing the contract.